Discrimination happens when an employer treats one employee less favourably than others on the basis of certain prejudices. Employees are protected by law against unfair discrimination on several grounds, including disability, age, religion or belief, race, gender, or sexual orientation.

There are two main types of discrimination:

  • Direct discrimination – this occurs when a particular characteristic of a person (such as race or gender) is used as an explicit reason for treating someone less favourably than other people.
  • Indirect discrimination – this occurs when a working condition or rule disadvantages one group of people more than another.

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